How It Is That What Now Seems Hyper-Patriotic Can, in Retrospect, Look like a Mockery of Patriotism
Mike Alewitz’s post “Bert the Turtle Meets Fear and Loathing on Campus” has made the following item seem especially apropos.
The item has appeared in somewhat different form on the site Futility Closet (www.futilitycloset.com). It is re-posted with the permission of Greg Ross, who maintains the site. You can have daily updates from the site delivered to your e-mail each morning.
When minister Francis Bellamy published the American Pledge of Allegiance in Youth’s Companion in 1892, his colleague James Upham devised a salute to go along with it, snapping the heels together and extending the right arm toward the flag.
The following passage is taken from Bellamy’s published instructions for the “National School Celebration of Columbus Day”: “At a signal from the Principal, the pupils, in ordered ranks, hands to the side, face the Flag. Another signal is given; every pupil gives the flag the military salute—right…
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